Energy Demand & Load Curves
monthly propane consumption of a community centre
daily gas consumption of a university campus
heat supply of a biomass baseload boiler for a university campus
heat supply of a biomass twin boiler for a university campus
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 Technical &
   -Fuel Resource Studies
   -Energy Demand Studies
   -Market Studies
   -Equipment Suppliers
   -Cost Estimates
   -Funding Applications
   -Emission Permits
 Project Development
download unit conversion tool (converts between most units of energy, power, density, volume, mass, temperature, etc.)
note: executable file

Energy Demand Studies


A biomass heating project needs to be tailored to the specifics of the consumer it is supposed to provide with energy. The most common mistake made in standard bioheat applications is over-sizing the biomass boiler's capacity.


Other than gas or oil-fuelled boilers solid fuel fired combustors or gasifiers can not quickly be turned on or off. Moreover, emissions are significantly higher during start-up and cool-down phases. Finally, refractory linings crack when being exposed to frequent temperature changes. As a consequence a biomass boiler should be used for base heat supply, covering peak demand with heat storage tanks and/or peak boilers.


Sizing a biomass boiler properly requires a through investigation of energy demand.

On the financial side energy demand and fuel costs will determine the economic viability of a biomass energy system.


Our energy demand studies can cover the following points:


Energy Demand / Requirement


  review of historic bills

  load duration based on degree-days

  annual consumption average & forecast

  peak load requirements

  24/365 supply vs. intermittent/non-dependable/base load supply

  building analysis

  energy audits, analysis of existing systems

  benchmarking / comparison with national averages & codes

  consumption monitoring



Consumer Self-Generation Energy Costs


  fossil fuel cost

  - historical

  - forecast (low & high scenario)


  non-fuel operating costs 

  - daily operation / inspection time

  - ash removal

  - boiler & filter cleaning
  - fixed and variable O&M costs


  capital replacement costs

  - life expectancy of plant components

  - maintenance / replacement costs